The boy is believed to have been uncovered to Naegleria fowleri whereas swimming Aug. 8 in a shallow space of the Elkhorn River, with signs starting about 5 days later, county well being director Lindsay Huse stated at a information convention on Thursday. of press.
The boy was admitted to a hospital inside 48 hours of the onset of signs and died days later, stated Dr. Kari Neemann, a pediatric infectious illness doctor and medical advisor for Douglas County.
Naegleria fowleri is an amoeba generally present in heat freshwater lakes, rivers, canals and ponds all through the USA, the Nebraska well being division stated.
“It could possibly trigger major amoebic meningoencephalitis (PAM), a mind an infection that may happen when water containing the amoeba travels up the nostril and into the mind,” the division stated. “The an infection is extraordinarily uncommon, however nearly all the time deadly.”
Whereas the possibilities of an infection with Naegleria fowleri are low, well being specialists say there are precautions folks can take when contemplating swimming in freshwater lakes and rivers.
“Tens of millions of leisure water exposures happen every year, whereas solely 0 to eight Naegleria fowleri infections are recognized every year,” stated Nebraska State Epidemiologist Dr. Matthew Donahue.
Infections sometimes happen between July and September in hotter waters with slower stream, Donahue stated.
The Nebraska Division of Well being urged warning when taking part in actions in heat freshwater throughout instances of extended excessive temperatures. He supplied a number of key factors concerning the threat of Naegleria fowleri an infection:
• Behaviors related to an infection embody diving or leaping into water, submerging the top beneath water, or participating in different water-related actions that drive water up the nostril.
• Swimmers can cut back their threat by maintaining their heads above water and sporting nostril clips or holding their noses once they dive. Swimmers must also keep away from digging or stirring up sediment on the underside of the lake or river.
• Individuals can’t change into contaminated by swimming in a pool that has been correctly cleaned, maintained, and disinfected. Additionally they can’t get it by consuming contaminated water.
• Keep away from submerging your head in sizzling springs and different untreated sizzling springs.
• Keep away from digging or eradicating sediment whereas taking part in water-related actions in heat, shallow freshwater areas.
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